Primeiro como tragédia, agora como farsa

Compartilhar:

luisLuís Carlos Valois*

Uma das frases mais citadas depois do golpe foi a célebre constatação de Marx, de que a história se repete, “a primeira vez como tragédia, a segunda como farsa” (1997, p. 21). A lembrança sobre a repetição da história é de Hegel, Marx apenas faz o complemento, de que se repete como farsa.

Sob farsa ou tragédia, resta o medo nessa repetição tupiniquim. A forma como se deu o golpe já é demonstração cabal do esfacelamento das instituições e de seus mecanismos, um impeachment sem crime, com juízes parciais, em um simulacro de julgamento e com uma pena inexistente: no caso, o afastamento da presidenta, mantidos os seus direitos políticos.

Fora do contexto jurídico, que sempre falseia a realidade, por mais violador de direitos que seja, a situação é pior porque o que aconteceu, na prática, foi o alçar de uma pessoa impopular, com um programa de governo sem legitimidade, à presidência.

Por óbvio, só uma pessoa que já se sabe impopular para propor a extinção de direitos trabalhistas, o aumento da jornada de trabalho, o sucateamento da saúde e da educação. Alguém sabidamente com votos nunca proporia nada parecido. Aliás, nem votado pode ser esse cidadão, já que, esse sim, teve seus direitos políticos cassados.

Esse estado de incompreensão, estapafúrdio, faz parte dos golpes, seja o trágico, seja o satírico, mas cabe a nós tentar sair dessa letargia cognitiva. Para esse objetivo, a obra do francês Paul-Laurent Assoun, “Marx e a repetição  histórica” (1979), pode ajudar a compreender melhor a afirmação de Marx. Assoun tenta construir uma teoria da repetição histórica, baseada na manutenção da exploração de classe.

Inalterada a base econômica, as peças tendem a voltar para o mesmo lugar no tabuleiro, em um jogo que não tem fim. Jurídico, administrativo, legislativo, não importa, todos dançam a mesma música, que tende a repetir melodias, acordes e refrãos.

Mas por que a repetição como farsa? Porque todo mimetismo é mesmo assim, sem consistência. Porque o golpe já não precisa mais de tanta justificativa para a ruptura. As circunstâncias são diferentes, mas são diferentes também por causa do golpe inicial. O golpe perde a cara-de-pau, se exerce sem escrúpulos e com maior adesão.

Diz o autor que “no cômico, a humanidade torna-se o sujeito da necessidade histórica da qual não era mais que o objetivo no trágico. Ela coloca-se na origem de sua determinação” (Idem, p. 90). Reconhecer isso faz parte de uma certa maturidade histórica, mas não reconhecer levará à repetição infinita.

Os estranhos seres que antes combatiam a corrupção batendo panelas, muitos agora defensores do governo, chegam a ameaçar o já combalido Estado de Direito de um outro golpe, desta feita, dizem, verdadeiramente militar.

Mas a farsa não consegue esconder a militarização do próprio golpe atual. Pessoas sendo presas, polícias militares (não só a militar estritamente falando, todas as policias brasileiras são militares, fardadas, armadas e estruturadas hierarquicamente) combatendo manifestações, direitos e garantias indo pelo ralo. A única diferença talvez seja a farda do presidente.

O novo golpe não precisa criar uma polícia militar e uma polícia federal, elas já estão criadas. Para Maurcie Merleau-Ponty, “se a sociedade humana não tomar consciência do sentido de sua história e de suas contradições, a única coisa que se pode dizer é que elas se reproduzirão de maneira cada vez mais violenta, por uma espécie de ‘mecânica dialética’” (2006, p. 37). E a violência maior da atualidade está em não se saber de onde vem o tiro, a facada nas costas.

As instituições, devido à descrença geral para com o sistema político, sobrevivem de uma crença cega, podendo carimbar, nomear o inimigo sem mais muita justificativa, e isso é violência da pior espécie, violência da qual não se consegue defender, violência abstrata e absoluta.

A alegada crise tem apenas, “por efeito, ao repor em jogo os interesses vitais da dominação da classe, fazê-la por assim dizer retornar a sua própria origem, no momento de sua fundação, para renascer como classe dominante” (ASSOUN,  Op. Cit., p. 126). Não à toa Assoun, reconstruindo o caminho de Marx, dando sentido à tese da repetição como farsa, recorre, logo após esta última citação, a outro texto do revolucionário alemão, com o qual termino este meu próprio:

“Agora, o reino dos banqueiros vai começar”.

Referências:

ASSOUN, Paul-Laurent. Marx e a repetição histórica. Rio de Janeiro: Civilização Brasileira, 1979.

MARX, Karl. O 18 de Brumário de Luís Bonaparte. Rio de Janeiro: Paz e Terra, 1997.

Merleau-Ponty, Maurice. As aventuras da dialética. São Paulo: Martins Fontes, 2006.

*Mestre e doutor de direito pela Universidade de São Paulo, juiz de direito, membro da Associação de Juízes para Democracia (AJD).

artigo Anterior

PM reprime estudantes em escola Sorocaba

Próximo artigo

Voto nulo no segundo turno, contra o golpe e contra a eleição antidemocrática

Leia mais

152 Comentários

  1. This is very interesting, You’re a very skilled blogger. I’ve joined your rss feed and look forward to seeking more of your magnificent post. Also, I’ve shared your site in my social networks!

  2. Someone essentially assist to make critically posts I might state. This is the very first time I frequented your website page and so far? I amazed with the research you made to create this particular publish incredible. Wonderful job!

  3. I in addition to my buddies appeared to be studying the great key points from the blog and so before long came up with an awful feeling I had not thanked the web site owner for those secrets. My women appeared to be as a consequence joyful to see them and have now really been having fun with those things. Thank you for getting simply helpful and also for getting this sort of excellent useful guides millions of individuals are really wanting to learn about. Our own sincere apologies for not saying thanks to earlier.

  4. Great ¡V I should definitely pronounce, impressed with your website. I had no trouble navigating through all tabs and related info ended up being truly simple to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it at all. Reasonably unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or anything, website theme . a tones way for your client to communicate. Nice task..

  5. I do accept as true with all the concepts you’ve introduced on your post. They are really convincing and can certainly work. Nonetheless, the posts are too brief for newbies. May you please extend them a bit from subsequent time? Thank you for the post.

  6. Terrific paintings! That is the type of info that should be shared across the net. Disgrace on the search engines for now not positioning this publish higher! Come on over and discuss with my web site . Thanks =)

  7. I simply wanted to jot down a remark in order to express gratitude to you for all the amazing tricks you are giving out on this website. My time intensive internet lookup has at the end of the day been recognized with reliable facts to go over with my best friends. I would suppose that we visitors actually are extremely fortunate to exist in a superb place with so many outstanding professionals with valuable tricks. I feel very grateful to have seen your entire website and look forward to plenty of more fabulous moments reading here. Thank you again for a lot of things.

  8. What i do not realize is actually how you are now not really a lot more neatly-appreciated than you may be right now. You are so intelligent. You realize therefore considerably in terms of this topic, made me in my view imagine it from a lot of numerous angles. Its like men and women aren’t fascinated unless it is something to do with Woman gaga! Your individual stuffs nice. At all times maintain it up!

  9. I keep listening to the news bulletin talk about getting boundless online grant applications so I have been looking around for the finest site to get one. Could you tell me please, where could i get some?

  10. I was just looking for this information for a while. After 6 hours of continuous Googleing, at last I got it in your site. I wonder what’s the lack of Google strategy that do not rank this type of informative web sites in top of the list. Normally the top sites are full of garbage.

  11. I like what you guys are up too. Such smart work and reporting! Keep up the superb works guys I¡¦ve incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it will improve the value of my site 🙂

  12. Magnificent beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your web site, how can i subscribe for a blog web site? The account aided me a acceptable deal. I had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright clear idea

  13. I precisely needed to thank you so much all over again. I am not sure the things I might have tried without the pointers contributed by you on such area. Completely was a real terrifying crisis in my view, however , understanding this specialized form you handled it made me to jump for gladness. Now i am thankful for your service and thus hope you realize what a great job you are always carrying out teaching the others using your websites. Probably you have never met all of us.

  14. Thanks for the sensible critique. Me and my neighbor were just preparing to do some research about this. We got a grab a book from our local library but I think I learned more clear from this post. I’m very glad to see such excellent info being shared freely out there.

  15. What i don’t understood is if truth be told how you are not actually much more neatly-liked than you might be now. You are very intelligent. You understand thus significantly in the case of this subject, made me personally consider it from numerous various angles. Its like women and men are not interested unless it¡¦s something to do with Lady gaga! Your own stuffs outstanding. At all times handle it up!

  16. Needed to send you this very small remark in order to give many thanks the moment again on the pleasing suggestions you have shared here. It’s extremely open-handed with people like you to deliver openly all many people would have sold as an e-book to end up making some dough for their own end, notably now that you could possibly have tried it if you ever decided. Those concepts additionally acted as the great way to be sure that other people online have the same eagerness like my personal own to find out a good deal more with reference to this issue. I know there are several more pleasurable sessions in the future for those who look over your blog.

  17. A person necessarily lend a hand to make seriously posts I would state. That is the very first time I frequented your web page and so far? I amazed with the research you made to make this particular publish incredible. Great process!

  18. I and also my buddies have already been reviewing the best helpful hints from your web site and immediately developed an awful suspicion I never expressed respect to the website owner for those tips. Those young men appeared to be for that reason stimulated to read them and have now unquestionably been making the most of them. Many thanks for actually being simply considerate and then for settling on this sort of smart areas most people are really eager to learn about. Our sincere apologies for not saying thanks to you sooner.

  19. Good blog! I really love how it is easy on my eyes and the data are well written. I’m wondering how I might be notified whenever a new post has been made. I’ve subscribed to your RSS feed which must do the trick! Have a nice day!

  20. hello there and thank you for your info – I have definitely picked up something new from right here. I did however expertise several technical issues using this web site, as I experienced to reload the website a lot of times previous to I could get it to load correctly. I had been wondering if your web hosting is OK? Not that I’m complaining, but sluggish loading instances times will often affect your placement in google and can damage your high-quality score if advertising and marketing with Adwords. Well I am adding this RSS to my email and could look out for a lot more of your respective interesting content. Ensure that you update this again very soon..

  21. I have to express my passion for your kindness giving support to men who really need assistance with in this concern. Your very own dedication to passing the message along became quite powerful and has in most cases made others like me to attain their ambitions. The useful guidelines can mean so much a person like me and even further to my mates. Many thanks; from each one of us.

  22. I am really impressed with your writing skills and also with the layout on your blog. Is this a paid theme or did you modify it yourself? Anyway keep up the nice quality writing, it is rare to see a great blog like this one these days..

  23. You really make it appear really easy together with your presentation but I find this matter to be really something which I think I might by no means understand. It seems too complex and very extensive for me. I’m looking forward in your subsequent post, I¡¦ll attempt to get the grasp of it!

  24. Good ¡V I should certainly pronounce, impressed with your web site. I had no trouble navigating through all tabs as well as related information ended up being truly simple to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it in the least. Reasonably unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or anything, website theme . a tones way for your customer to communicate. Excellent task..

  25. Thank you for the sensible critique. Me and my neighbor were just preparing to do a little research about this. We got a grab a book from our area library but I think I learned more from this post. I’m very glad to see such excellent information being shared freely out there.

  26. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your blog and in accession capital to assert that I acquire in fact enjoyed account your blog posts. Any way I’ll be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently quickly.

  27. You actually make it seem so easy with your presentation but I to find this topic to be actually something which I think I’d never understand. It sort of feels too complicated and extremely wide for me. I am looking ahead on your next put up, I¡¦ll attempt to get the hold of it!

  28. I definitely wanted to post a brief comment so as to appreciate you for the wonderful information you are placing on this site. My particularly long internet look up has at the end been rewarded with pleasant insight to talk about with my friends and family. I would claim that many of us visitors are very much endowed to dwell in a very good community with many wonderful professionals with good techniques. I feel truly fortunate to have encountered the website page and look forward to some more fun moments reading here. Thank you again for all the details.

  29. Whats Going down i am new to this, I stumbled upon this I’ve discovered It positively useful and it has helped me out loads. I hope to give a contribution & aid other users like its aided me. Good job.

  30. I wanted to create you this little bit of note to help say thanks a lot again on the striking techniques you’ve shown in this case. It was quite shockingly open-handed with people like you giving extensively just what a lot of people would’ve offered for sale as an electronic book to get some cash for themselves, notably considering that you could possibly have done it if you ever wanted. The good ideas in addition worked like a easy way to be sure that most people have a similar dreams just as my personal own to find out a whole lot more around this issue. I am sure there are a lot more pleasurable times in the future for individuals who scan your site.

  31. Thank you a lot for giving everyone such a remarkable chance to read articles and blog posts from this site. It’s usually so beneficial and stuffed with amusement for me personally and my office peers to search the blog at a minimum thrice in 7 days to find out the newest issues you have got. Of course, I am just at all times motivated concerning the superb hints served by you. Some 3 facts in this post are certainly the finest we’ve ever had.

  32. I must point out my admiration for your generosity supporting men and women who absolutely need help with this particular concept. Your personal commitment to passing the message across has been definitely interesting and have in every case helped employees much like me to realize their desired goals. Your entire helpful guideline indicates a lot to me and somewhat more to my office workers. Regards; from everyone of us.

  33. I think this is among the most vital info for me. And i’m glad reading your article. But want to remark on some general things, The web site style is wonderful, the articles is really excellent : D. Good job, cheers

  34. I am really impressed with your writing skills as well as with the layout on your weblog. Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself? Either way keep up the excellent quality writing, it is rare to see a nice blog like this one these days..

  35. I have been surfing online more than 3 hours nowadays, yet I by no means found any attention-grabbing article like yours. It¡¦s lovely price enough for me. Personally, if all site owners and bloggers made just right content as you probably did, the web will be much more useful than ever before.

  36. Simply desire to say your article is as astounding. The clarity in your post is just cool and i can assume you’re an expert on this subject. Fine with your permission allow me to grab your feed to keep updated with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please continue the gratifying work.

  37. I have been browsing online more than three hours nowadays, but I never found any attention-grabbing article like yours. It is beautiful worth enough for me. In my opinion, if all site owners and bloggers made excellent content material as you did, the internet might be a lot more helpful than ever before.

  38. I have been browsing on-line greater than three hours as of late, but I by no means found any attention-grabbing article like yours. It is pretty price enough for me. In my opinion, if all website owners and bloggers made good content material as you probably did, the internet will likely be much more helpful than ever before.

  39. you’re in point of fact a just right webmaster. The website loading velocity is amazing. It seems that you’re doing any unique trick. Also, The contents are masterwork. you have performed a great job in this topic!

  40. I have been browsing online more than three hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours. It is pretty worth enough for me. In my view, if all website owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the net will be a lot more useful than ever before.

  41. Definitely believe that which you said. Your favorite justification appeared to be on the web the simplest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I certainly get annoyed while people think about worries that they plainly do not know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and also defined out the whole thing without having side effect , people could take a signal. Will probably be back to get more. Thanks

  42. You really make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this topic to be actually something that I think I would never understand. It seems too complex and very broad for me. I am looking forward for your next post, I will try to get the hang of it!

  43. I loved as much as you’ll receive carried out right here. The sketch is attractive, your authored subject matter stylish. nonetheless, you command get bought an impatience over that you wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come more formerly again since exactly the same nearly very often inside case you shield this increase.

  44. I’m just commenting to make you understand what a outstanding encounter my wife’s princess developed viewing the blog. She realized so many things, most notably what it is like to possess a wonderful giving nature to make most people just know specified specialized things. You actually did more than our own expectations. I appreciate you for coming up with those helpful, healthy, edifying and in addition unique guidance on the topic to Janet.

  45. I wantedI neededI want toI need to to thank you for this greatexcellentfantasticwonderfulgoodvery good read!! I definitelycertainlyabsolutely enjoyedloved every little bit ofbit of it. I haveI’ve gotI have got you bookmarkedbook markedbook-markedsaved as a favorite to check outto look at new stuff youthings you post…

  46. hello!,I like your writing very a lot! share we be in contact extra approximately your article on AOL? I need a specialist on this area to resolve my problem. May be that is you! Taking a look ahead to look you.

  47. I’m extremely impressed with your writing skills and also with the layout on your weblog. Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself? Anyway keep up the nice quality writing, it’s rare to see a nice blog like this one nowadays..

  48. Undeniably believe that which you said. Your favorite justification appeared to be on the web the easiest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I certainly get irked while people think about worries that they just do not know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top as well as defined out the whole thing without having side effect , people can take a signal. Will probably be back to get more. Thanks

  49. Thanks for your write-up. I would also love to say that the very first thing you will need to perform is find out if you really need repairing credit. To do that you have got to get your hands on a copy of your credit score. That should not be difficult, since the government mandates that you are allowed to be issued one totally free copy of your real credit report on a yearly basis. You just have to request that from the right people. You can either look into the website for your Federal Trade Commission or perhaps contact one of the main credit agencies immediately.

  50. What i do not realize is if truth be told how you are now not actually a lot more well-appreciated than you may be now. You’re so intelligent. You know therefore considerably with regards to this matter, made me personally consider it from numerous various angles. Its like women and men are not fascinated unless it¡¦s one thing to do with Woman gaga! Your own stuffs nice. All the time take care of it up!

Deixe uma resposta